Research

I am interested in three broad topics: internationalization, capabilities, and governance, which reflect my diverse interests and educational background and evolution in my thinking. In internationalization I study how firms can achieve a successful foreign expansion, paying particular attention to emerging-market multinationals. In capabilities I study how companies develop their capabilities, especially technological ones, to become internationally competitive. In governance, I study how firm ownership and boards influence firm behavior and how firms deal with corruption in international business. 

My main geographical area of expertise is Latin America, but r
ecently I have started analyzing firms in China and Thailand. I have done fieldwork and interviewed managers of firms in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Ireland, Nicaragua, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, and the US. 

This figure illustrates my research streams, which I describe below. Although the research streams overlap and some of the publications straddle several topics, I nevertheless classify each publication into one of the three main areas of research.   





Internationalization 

My main research stream centers on the internationalization of the firm, particularly emerging market multinational companies. I use emerging market multinationals as a laboratory to analyze these challenges. Unlike most research in international business, which tends to focus on how the conditions in the host country affect the firm’s cross-border expansion, I primarily study the conditions of the firm’s home country and how these affect the firm’s internationalization. Hence, I explain how emerging market firms' experience with underdeveloped institutions and pro-market reforms affect their internationalization. I have also studied the internationalization process, paying particular attention to the difficulties that firms face when they internationalize. 

Book, journal articles and book chapters related to this research stream are the following: 

Books
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. & Montoya, M. (Eds). 2018. Mexican Multinationals: How to Build Multinationals in Emerging Markets. Cambridge University Press (forthcoming)
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Newburry, W., and Park, S. 2016. Emerging Market Multinationals: Solving Operational Challenges in Internationalization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 
3. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. (eds). 2014. Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 

Journal articles
1. Cuervo-Cazurrra, A., Mudambi, R., and Pedersen, T. 2017. Globalization: Rising skepticism. Global Strategy Journal, 7(2): 155-158.
2. Aguilera, R., Ciravegna, L., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Gonzalez-Perez, M. A. 2017. Multilatinas and the internationalization of Latin American firms. Journal of World Business, 52 (4): 447-460. 
3. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. 2017. Home country underdevelopment and internationalization: Innovation-based and escape-based internationalization. Competitiveness Review, 27 (3): 217-230. 
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2016. Multilatinas as a source of new theoretical insights: The learning and escape drivers of international expansion. Journal of Business Research, 69 (6): 1963-1972.
5. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. Narula, R. and Un, C. A. 2015. Internationalization motives: Sell more, buy better, upgrade and escape. Multinational Business Review, 23: 25-35.
6. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. and Narula, R. 2015. A set of motives to unite them all? Revisiting the principles and typology of internationalization motives. Multinational Business Review, 23: 2-14.
7. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Martin de Holan, P., and Sanz, L. 2014. Location advantages: Emergent and guided co-evolutions. Journal of Business Research, 67(4): 508-515.
8. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. and Montoya, M.A. 2014. Building Chinese Cars in Mexico: The Grupo Salinas-FAW Alliance. Innovar, 24 (54), 219-230. 
9. Marano, V., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Kwok, C. 2013. The impact of conflict types and location on trade. International Trade Journal, 27:197-224.
10. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2012. How the analysis of developing country multinational companies helps advance theory: Solving the Goldilocks debate. Global Strategy Journal, 2(3): 153-167.  
11. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2012. Business relationships between Latin America and Asia: The next research frontier. Globalization, Competitiveness, and Governability, 6(1): 16-22. 
12. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2011. Global strategy and global business environment: The direct and indirect influences of the home country on a firm’s global strategy. Global Strategy Journal, 1(3-4): 382-386.
13. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Stal, E. 2011. The investment development path and FDI from developing countries: The role of pro-market reforms and institutional voids. Latin American Business Review, 12(3): 209-231.
14. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2011. Selecting the country in which to start internationalization: The non-sequential internationalization argument. Journal of World Business, 46(4): 426-437.
15. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Genc, M. 2011. How context matters: Non-market advantages of developing-country MNEs. Journal of Management Studies, 48(2): 441-445. 
16. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2010. Multilatinas (Latin American Multinationals). Universia Business Review, 25: 14-33. (written in Spanish)
17. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Lieberman, L. 2010. International Business and Latin America. Globalization, Competitiveness and Governability, 4(3): 16-23. 
18. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Dau, L. A. 2009. Structural reform and firm exports. Management International Review, 49(4): 479-507.
19. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Genc, M. 2008. Transforming disadvantages into advantages: Developing country MNEs in the least developed countries. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(6): 957-979.
20. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. The multinationalization of developing country MNEs: The case of Multilatinas. Journal of International Management, 14(2): 138-154. 
21. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. Distancias en el proceso de internacionalización: El caso del Banco Santander. (Distances in the internationalization process: The case of Banco Santander). Universia Business Review, 17: 96-111. (written in Spanish)
22. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Maloney, M., and Manrakhan, S. 2007. Causes of the difficulties in internationalization. Journal of International Business Studies, 38(6): 709-725.
23. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2007. Sequence of value-added activities in the internationalization of developing country MNEs. Journal of International Management, 13(3): 258-277. 
24. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2007. Liberalización económica y Multilatinas (Economic liberalization and Multilatinas). Globalization, Competitiveness and Governability, 1(1): 66-87. (written in Spanish)
25. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. Dificultades en la internacionalización de la empresa (Difficulties in the internationalization of the firm). Universia Business Review, 4: 18-29. (written in Spanish). 

Book chapters
1. Pananond, P. and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2018. The complementarity of foreign and domestic investment by emerging market multinationals. In Castellani, D., Narula, R., Nguyen, Q., Surdu, I. and Walker, J. (Eds) 2018. Contemporary Issues in International Business: Institutions, Strategy and Performance. Palgrave McMillan. (forthcoming). 
2. Pananond, P. and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2018. Emerging market multinationals in global value chains and foreign direct investment policy. In Kungpanidchakul, K. (ed.) Thailand Outward Foreign Direct Investment, Thailand Research Fund, Bangkok, Thailand. (forthcoming)
3. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2016. Emerging market multinationals and theory development: a multi-theoretical approach. In Merchant, H. (Ed.) Handbook of Contemporary Research on Emerging Markets. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pages 88-116.
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2015. The co-evolution of pro-market reforms and emerging market multinationals. In Tihanyi, L., Banalieva, E., Devinney, T. M., and Pedersen, T. (Eds) Advances in International Management 28: Emerging Economies and Multinational Enterprises. Emerald.
5. Pananond, P. and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2015. Implications of outward foreign direct investment policy. In Cheewatrakoolpong, K. and Noprattayaporn, A. (eds). Thailand's Outward Foreign Direct Investment: Trends, Determining Factors, and Impacts. Bangkok: Thailand Research Fund. (In Thai)
6. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Meyer, K. and Ramamurti, R. 2015. Internationalization of emerging economy MNCs: The relative resource specialization of firm and environment. In Demirbag, M. and Yaprak, A. ‎(Eds.), Handbook of Emerging Market Multinationals. Edward Elgar. 
7. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. 2014. Introduction. In Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. (eds). Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pages 1-11.
8. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. 2014. Conclusion: An agenda for future research. In Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. (eds). Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pages 271-300.
9. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Meyer, K. and Ramamurti, R. 2014. Recommended readings on emerging market multinationals. In Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramamurti, R. (eds). Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pages 301-316.
10. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Genc, M. 2012. Categories of distance and international business research. In Wood, G., and Demirbag, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Institutional Approaches to International Business. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pages 219-235. 
11. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2011. Internationalization process. In Kellermanns, F., and Mazzola, P. (Eds.), Handbook of Strategy Process Research. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pages 432-451.
12. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2010. Multilatinas: Las multinacionales latinoamericanas (Multilatinas: The Latin American multinational firms). In ICEX (Ed.), Claves de la Economía Mundial (Keys to the World Economy). Madrid: ICEX. Pages 75-81. (written in Spanish)
13. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2009. Multinational competitive disadvantages. In Wankel, C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Business in Today’s World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 
14. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2009. Free markets. In Wankel, C. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Business in Today’s World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 
15. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. Oportunidades de arbitraje para las multinacionales españolas en NAFTA (Arbitrage Opportunities for Spanish Multinationals in NAFTA). In Círculo de Empresarios (Ed.), Multinacionales Españolas en NAFTA (Spanish Multinationals in NAFTA). Madrid: Círculo de Empresarios. Pages 11-67. (written in Spanish)
16. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, A. 2007. Types of difficulties in internationalization and their consequences. In Tallman, S. (Ed.), A New Generation in International Strategic Management. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pages 63-83. 
17. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, C. A. 2004. Firm-specific and non-firm-specific sources of advantages in international competition. In Ariño, A., Ghemawat, P., and Ricart, J. (Eds.), Creating and Appropriating Value from Global Strategy. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. Pages 78-94. 
18. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Ramos, M. 2004. Explaining the process of internationalization by building bridges among existing models. In Floyd, S. W., Roos, J., Jacobs, C., and Kellermanns, F. (Eds.), Innovating Strategy Processes. London: Blackwell. Pages 111-122.
19. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, C. A. 2004. The bald eagle cannot find its way in the rainforest: Sources and solutions to the difficulties in the internationalization of developed country MNEs into developing countries. In Prasad, S. B., and Gauri, P. N. (Eds.), Global Firms and Emerging Markets in the Age of Anxiety. Westport, CT: Praeger. Pages 13-36. 

Case studies
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Alvim, F. 2013. Achieving global leadership in the plug-in commercial refrigeration industry. Northeastern University and Fundação Dom Cabral (Case and teaching note). Ivey Publishing 9B13M012

Other 
1. Pananond, P., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2017. Global Value Chains and Emerging Market Multinationals: Policy Implications. Research report for Thailand Research Fund, Bangkok, Thailand.
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Ganistsky, J., Luo, Y., & Mezias, J. 2016. Global strategy and emerging markets. AIB Insights, 16 (4): 3-6. 
3. Panandond, P., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2015. Multinationals and Performance: Policy Implications. Research report for Thailand Research Fund, Bangkok, Thailand.
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Ramamurti, R. 2015. The escape motivation of emerging market multinational enterprises. Columbia FDI Perspectives, 143. 
5. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Dau, L. A. 2009. Multinationalization in response to reforms. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings.
6. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. Dificultades en la internacionalización de la empresa: La transferencia de recursos (Difficulties in the internationalization of the firm: The transfer of resources). Expansión. May 24: 62. (written in Spanish)
7. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. Dificultades en la internacionalización de la empresa: La falta de recursos complementarios (Difficulties in the internationalization of the firm: The lack of complementary resources). Expansión. May 31: 54. (written in Spanish)



Capabilities 

I am interested in analyzing how firms upgrade their capabilities to levels of international competitiveness so that they can become successful multinationals. In my dissertation at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which won the Free Press Outstanding Dissertation Award from the Business Policy and Strategy Division of the Academy of Management, I studied how Argentinean and Spanish firms used a co-evolution of resources and scope to upgrade their resources to international levels of competitiveness in response to pro-market reforms. After this, I continued analyzing ways in which firms upgrade their capabilities, paying particular attention to technological capabilities and their development via R&D investments. 

Journal articles and book chapters on this research stream are the following: 

Journal articles
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Carneiro, J., Finchelstein, D., Duran, P., Gonzalez-Perez, M. A., Montoya, M. A., Borda Reyes, A., Fleury, M. T. L., Newburry, W. 2018. Uncomomoditizing strategies by emerging market firms.  Multinational Business Review (conditionally accepted)
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. Nieto. M. J., Rodriguez, A. 2018. The impact of R&D sources on new product development: Sources of funds and the diversity versus control of knowledge debate. Long Range Planning (forthcoming). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2017.06.004
3. Barnard, H., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Manning, S. 2017. Africa business research as a laboratory for theory-building: Extreme conditions, new phenomena and alternative paradigms of social relationships. Management and Organization Review, 13 (3): 467-495.
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Rui, H. 2017. Barriers to absorptive capacity in emerging market firms.  Journal of World Business, 52 (6): 727-742. 
5. Wang, S., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2017. Overcoming human capital voids in underdeveloped countries. Global Strategy Journal, 7(1): 36-57. 
6. Rui, H., Cuervo-Cazurra, A. and Un. C. A. 2016. Learning-by-doing and capability upgrading in emerging market multinationals. Journal of World Business, 51: 686-699.
7. Dau, L. and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2014. To formalize or not to formalize: Entrepreneurship and pro-market institutions. Journal of Business Venturing, 29 (5): 668-686.
8. Khoury, T., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Dau, L. 2014. Institutional outsiders and insiders: The response of foreign and domestic inventors to the quality of intellectual property rights protection. Global Strategy Journal, 4(3): 200-220.
9. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, C. A. 2010. Why some firms never invest in formal R&D. Strategic Management Journal, 31(7): 759-779.
10. Un, C. A., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Asakawa, K. 2010. R&D collaborations and product innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(5): 673-689. 
11. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Dau, L. A. 2009. Pro-market reforms and firm profitability in developing countries. Academy of Management Journal, 52(6): 1348-1368.
12. Un, C. A., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. Do subsidiaries of foreign MNEs invest more in R&D than domestic firms? Research Policy, 37(10): 1812-1828.
13. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, C. A. 2007. Regional economic integration and R&D investment. Research Policy, 36(2): 227-246. 
14. Un, C. A., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. Strategies for knowledge creation in firms. British Journal of Management, 15(S1): 27-41. 

Book chapters
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2013. How developing country multinational companies upgrade capabilities using value chain configuration in advanced economies. In Williamson, P., Ramamurti, R., Fleury, A., and Fleury, M. T. (Eds.), Competitive Advantages of Emerging Country Multinationals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pages 174-179.
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Un, C. A. 2011. Economic integration and the technological capabilities of local firms. In Jovanovic, M. (Ed.), International Handbook of Economic Integration. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Volume II, pages 77-89.
3. Dau, L. A., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2010. Cemex: Building Global Sustainability Advantage. In Costanzo, L. A. (Ed.), Cases in Strategic Management. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill. 
4. Un, A., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2009. Interactions with customers for innovation. In Costanzo, L. A., and MacKay, R. B. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Foresight and Strategy. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pages 362-379.
5. Un, A., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2005. Top managers and the product improvement process. In Szulanski, G, Porac, J., & Doz, Y. (Eds.) Advances in Strategic Management Volume 22, Strategy Process. Emerald. Pp. 319-348.
6. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2002. Transforming the firm through the co-evolution of resources and scope. In Chakravarthy, B., Mueller-Stewens, G., Lorange, P., and Lechner, C. (Eds.), Strategy Process: Shaping the Contours of the Field. London: Blackwell. Pages 18-45.
Case studies
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Hauer, C. 2011. Worldwide Sustainability at Walmart (A): Shopping Bags. Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina. (Case and teaching note).
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Hauer, C. 2011. Worldwide Sustainability at Walmart (B): LED Lighting. Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina. (Case and teaching note).


Governance 

I am also interested in corporate governance, with a focus on cross-country theoretical comparisons. My interest in corporate governance emerged from my dissertation at the University of Salamanca, Spain, in which I proposed that shareholders have private objectives that differ from performance maximization. After the thesis, I continued challenging traditional agency theory arguments through theoretical cross-country comparisons in two ways. First, I propose that the control exercised by the board of directors varies across countries depending on who owns the firm and what the institutional conditions of the country are, which result in the development of codes of good governance. Second, I propose that owners have private objectives that result in different firm behavior depending on who owns the firm, thus explaining the differences in internationalization, diversification and response to pro-market reforms by type of owner. In this line of research, I have paid particular attention to the behavior of state-owned firms and business groups. Third, I have studied how firms deal with the governance challenge of corruption in a host country, explaining how the conditions of the home country lead firms to respond differently to bribery abroad. 

Journal articles and book chapters related to this research stream are the following: 

Books
1. Cuervo-Cazurra A. (Ed). 2017. State-Owned Multinationals: Governments in Global Business. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan.

Journal articles
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2016. Corruption in international business. Journal of World Business, 51: 35-49.
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. Inkpen, A., Musacchio, A. and Ramaswamy, K. 2014. Governments as owners: State-owned multinational companies. Journal of International Business Studies, 45: 919-942.
3. Aguilera, R., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2009. Codes of good governance. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 17(3): 376-387.
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. The effectiveness of laws against bribery abroad. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(4): 634-651.
5. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. Better the devil you don’t know: Type of corruption and FDI in transition economies. Journal of International Management, 14(1): 12-27.
6. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2006. Who cares about corruption? Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6): 803-822. 
7. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2006. Business groups and their types. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 23(4): 419-437.
8. Aguilera, R., and Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. Codes of good governance worldwide: What is the trigger? Organization Studies, 25(3): 417-446.
9. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 1999. Grandes accionistas y beneficios privados: El caso de bancos como accionistas de empresas no financieras (Large shareholders and private benefits: The case of banks as shareholders of non-financial firms). Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa, 5(1): 21-44. (written in Spanish)
10. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 1998. La reforma del consejo de administración en España: Limitaciones a la aplicación de los modelos Anglo-Sajones (The reform of the board of directors in Spain: Limitations to the application of Anglo-Saxon models). Información Comercial Española, 769, March: 9-21. (written in Spanish)
11. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 1998. Determinantes de la estructura de propiedad: Una aproximación al caso español con datos de panel: Comentario (Determinants of the ownership structure: An analysis of the Spanish case with panel data: A comment). Moneda y Crédito, 206: 143-146. (written in Spanish)
12. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 1996. Tres visiones teóricas de las funciones del consejo de administración (Three theoretical views on the functions of the board of directors). Situación, 2(3): 119-134. (written in Spanish)

Book chapters
1. Asli, C., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2018. Business groups. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (forthcoming)
2. Asli, C., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2018. Business groups in international business. In Lopes T., Lubinski, C. &, Tworek, H. (Eds) Companion to the Makers of Global Business. Routledge. (forthcoming)
3. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2018. Business groups in Spain: Regulation and ideology drivers. In Colpan, A. M. and Hikino, T. (Eds) Business Groups in the West: The Evolutionary Dynamics of Big Business. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (forthcoming)
4. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2014. Transparency and corruption. In Forssbæck, J. and Oxelheim, L. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic and Institutional Transparency. New York: Oxford University Press. 
5. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2014. Corruption. In Cooper, C. (Ed.), Wiley Encyclopedia of Management. 3rd edition. Marblehead, MA: John Wiley & Sons. 
6. Aguilera, R., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Kim, S. 2009. Taking stock of research on codes of good governance. In López Iturriaga, F. J. (Ed.), Codes of Good Governance Around the World. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers. Pages 3-32. 
7. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2009. Laws against bribery abroad are effective in deterring investments in corrupt countries. In Transparency International (Ed.), Global Corruption Report 2009: Corruption and the Private Sector. Berlin: Transparency International. Pages 429-430.
8. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2008. Corrupción y empresas multinacionales (Corruption and multinational firms). In ICEX (Ed.), Claves de la Economía Mundial (Keys to the World Economy). Madrid: ICEX. Pages 72-79. (written in Spanish)
9. Cuervo-Cazurra, A, and Aguilera, R. 2004. The worldwide diffusion of codes of good governance. In Grandori, A. (Ed.), Corporate Governance and Firm Organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pages 318-348. 

Case studies
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Train, M., and McNett, J. 2011. Ransom on the high seas: The case of piracy in Somalia. Northeastern University. (Case and teaching note). Ivey Publishing 9B11M104

Other 
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2016. State-owned multinationals: A JIBS collection. Journal of International Business Studies, online. 
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2006. To bribe or not to bribe? The realities of doing business in developing countries. IMBA Connect E-Newsletter, vol. 1, issue 2. August 27.
3. Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2004. El valor de los códigos de buen gobierno (The value of the codes of good governance). Expansión. August 9: 30. (written in Spanish)



Methods 

I have used alternative research methods and have published both case-based research and large-sample analyses. 

This eclectic expertise I have gained over the years is reflected in the following publications:

Journal articles
1. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Mudambi, R., Pedersen, T., and Piscitello, L. 2017. Research methodology in global strategy research. Global Strategy Journal, 7(3): 233-240.  
2. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Andersson, U., Brannen, M. Y., Nielsen, B. B. and Reuber, R. 2016. Can I trust your findings? Trustworthy research in international business research. Journal of International Business Studies, 47(8): 881-897.
3. Andersson, U., Cuervo-Cazurra, A. and Nielsen, B. B. 2014. Explaining interaction effects within and across levels of analysis. Journal of International Business Studies, 45: 1063-1071.
4. Thomas, D. C., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., and Brannen, M. Y. 2011. Explaining theoretical relationships in international business research: It’s about the arrows linking the boxes. Journal of International Business Studies, 42: 1073-1078.
5. Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Caligiuri, P., Andersson, U., and Brannen, M. Y. 2013. How to write articles that are relevant to practice. Journal of International Business Studies, 44: 285-289. 

Book chapters
1. Carneiro, J., Bandeira de Mello, R., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Gonzalez-Perez, M. A., Olivas-Lujan, M. R. Parente, R., and Xavier, R. 2015. Doing research in and publishing on Latin America. In Newburry, W. (ed.). Innovation, Geography and Internationalization in Latin America. MacMillan 



November 2017
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